Donald Trump’s former campaign manager Paul Manafort (left) and another aide Rick Gates. (Source: Reuters) Related News
Federal investigators probing Russian interference in the 2016 US election charged President Donald Trump’s former campaign manager Paul Manafort and another aide, Rick Gates, with money laundering on Monday. A third former Trump adviser, George Papadopoulos, pleaded guilty in early October to lying to the FBI. However, the first criminal charges from special counsel Robert Mueller’s probe stem from very different activities.
Here are the three aides of Trump who were charged:
Before joining Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump’s campaign, Papadopoulos billed himself as an international energy consultant, though he only graduated from DePaul University in 2009 and was largely unknown in foreign policy circles.
Trump’s campaign named him as one of eight foreign policy advisers in March 2016, even as it scrambled to develop policy positions on key international issues. The Washington Post previously reported he had tried to facilitate between Russian government entities and the Trump campaign.
Before Manafort became Trump’s top strategist between late March and August 2016, he had a storied career in Republican politics.
A lawyer by training, Manafort gained prominence rounding up delegates for Gerald Ford at the 1976 Republican convention and helping manage ’s convention efforts in 1980. He founded a lobbying shop, known as Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly, earning a reputation for both his flashy lifestyle and his willingness to take on less-than-savoury clients, such as Democratic Republic of Congo’s dictator, Mobutu Sese Seko.
In 1995, Manafort set up a new lobbying firm with Rick Davis, who later helped Manafort establish his political s in former Soviet states, including Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska and Ukrainian oligarch Rinat Ahkmetov. Manafort’s work in Eastern Europe came at a lucky time, as he struggled in his domestic lobbying business and his spending on an ill-fated career as a movie producer left him nearly broke in the early 2000s.
As an adviser to Ukraine’s pro-Russian Party of Regions, Manafort helped the party turn around its reputation as corrupt and under Russian influence, getting Ukraine’s president elected in 2006. Manafort remained an adviser to the Party of Regions until 2014, when it was ousted amid popular protests.
Among Manafort’s long-term friends was Thomas Barrack, who was also personally close with Trump. That connection and his perceived skill in Republican Party politics got Manafort entry into Trump’s campaign. In August 2016, he was ousted amid revelations of large payments listed in an alleged “black book” of under-the-table payments by the ousted Ukrainian government.
Rick Gates was Manafort’s deputy, both in the Trump campaign and during his work in Ukraine. Now 45, Gates began as an intern at lobbying firm Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly, before furthering his career elsewhere.
But after working with another Republican lobbyist, Rick Davis, Gates came back into Manafort’s fold. By the time Davis took a leave from his partnership with Manafort to run John McCain’s presidential campaign, Gates joined Manafort’s new firm, Davis Manafort Inc, and worked with him to drum up business in the former Soviet States. They hit gold while working for the Party of Regions, though that work fizzled out in 2014 after Ukraine’s president fled to Russia amid street protests.
Gates joined Manafort for the Trump campaign too, serving as a top decision-maker for day-to-day matters. But he never drew a Trump campaign paycheck. When Manafort got booted from the campaign amid revelations about his Ukrainian political work and questions about his payment for it, Gates stayed on in Trump Tower as a Republican National Committee liaison to the campaign.
Gates’ work wasn’t done after Election Day. He was tapped by Trump Inauguration Chairman Thomas Barrack, a friend of both Manafort’s and Trump’s, to manage the work of the inaugural committee. Gates also took a post with a newly created political non-profit to support Trump’s “America First” policies, though he stepped down amid controversy surrounding his and Manafort’s work with Deripaska, the Russian oligarch.
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